Alloy Artifacts  

Peck, Stow, & Wilcox Company (Pexto)

[Pexto Oval Logo from 1915 Trademark]
Pexto Logo from 1915 Trademark

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Peck, Stow, & Wilcox Company was a major manufacturer of machinery and tools during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The company specialized in machinery for tinsmithing, an industry that faded to insignificance as better manufacturing and transportation greatly reduced the need for local production of sheet-metal goods.


Company History

The Peck, Stow, & Wilcox Company ("Pexto") was organized in 1870 by a three-way merger of the Peck, Smith Manufacturing Company, the S. Stow Manufacturing Company, and the Roys & Wilcox Company. In 1880 the company was chartered by an act of the Connecticut legislature.

In later advertising the company claimed to have been established in 1819, but some sources place the company's origins as early as 1797.

[1903 History of Peck, Stow, & Wilcox]
Fig. 1. 1903 Report on History of Peck, Stow & Wilcox. [External Link]

Fig. 1 shows an excerpt from an early history of the company, published on page 333 of the 1903 Nineteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics for Connecticut, included as part of the Public Documents of the State of Connecticut.

The text notes that in 1797 Seth Peck of Southington, Connecticut began making machinery for tinsmithing and eventually became the Peck, Smith Manufacturing Company, thereby setting the stage for the three-way merger in 1870.

The text goes on to note that by 1881 the company's capital had reached $1.5 million, and the company had acquired Wilcox, Treadway & Company of Cleveland, Ohio.

The stated capital was a huge sum for that day.


Bit Braces and Other Hardware

Although tinsmithing machinery was the most important early product, the company also produced a wide variety of other tools and hardware, including bit braces, woodworking chisels, hammers, and squares.

Bit-braces were a particular specialty for the company. The company claimed to have made the first bit brace in 1850, which at first was just a primitive cast iron frame.

[1891 Illustation of Peck's Patent Brace]
Fig. 2. 1891 Illustration of Peck's Patent Brace.

Fig. 2 shows an illustration of a Peck's patent brace, as published on page 130 [External Link] of the January 15, 1891 issue of The Iron Age.

By this time the brace had been greatly improved, with a rotating hand grip, a ratchet drive, and a collet chuck for round or square bits.

In 1897 Pexto introduced a significant innovation with a new line of bit-braces featuring the "Samson" ball-bearing chuck. A description and illustration of the braces can be found on page 48 [External Link] of the May 27, 1897 issue of The Iron Age.

A 1901 Manual of Statistics notes on page 483 [External Link] that the company made tinner's machinery, mechanic's tools, and household utensils. The 1901 sales were listed as $1,152,000.

At that time the company had factories in Southington, Plantsville, and East Berlin, Connecticut, and in Cleveland, Ohio as well.

[1910 Ad for P.S, & W. No. 30 Pliers]
Fig. 3. 1910 Ad for P.S. & W. No. 30 Pliers. [External Link]

Fig. 3 shows an ad for P.S. & W. No. 30 box joint pliers, as published on page xi of the July, 1910 issue of Electrician and Mechanic.


The 1910 Catalog

The company's 1910 catalog (available for Download from the International Tool Catalog Library) spans 463 numbered pages and presents an astonishing variety of goods for a single company, comparable to what might be offered by a major distributor.

The first section begins on page 17 with 92 pages of specialized tinsmithing machinery and another 45 pages of tinner's tools.

This is followed by a section for "Mechanics' Tools" spanning pages 155 to 258 and including 16 pages of bit-braces and breast drills, woodworking chisels, hammers, hatchets, axes, carpenter's squares, monkey wrenches, pipe wrenches, dividers, calipers, 11 pages of pliers, farrier's tools, awls, saw-sets, plumb bobs, and clamps.

A section for "Builders' Hardware" extends from page 259 to 330 with a wide variety of hardware such as cabinet latches, pulls, handles, and hooks.

This is followed by a section for "General Hardware" extending from pages 331 to 431 and including household items like scales, meat grinders, coffee mills, nut crackers, ice picks, animal traps, and pruning shears.

A section on "Fire Place Goods" offers fireplace andirons and pokers from pages 404 to 440, and a final section on "Stationers' Hardware" offers inkstands and paper files from pages 441 to 463.

In looking through this catalog we think it must represent "Peak Pexto", with the company facing steep declines as its tinsmithing machinery slipped into obsolescence. The machinery offered by Pexto was not production machinery for factories, but rather hand-operated tools to be used by a skilled craftsman to make small batches of sheet metal goods.

Even without the decline of the tinsmithing industry, it still would have been very expensive for Pexto to make such a wide selection of goods. The bewildering variety of machinery would all have required custom castings and forgings for the major parts, and the company would have needed an army of patternmakers to create and maintain the patterns and dies.

The 1910 catalog suggests that Pexto may have started using contract production from other manufacturers to fill out its line. For example, page 224 offers "Agricultural" or "Standard" wrought iron monkey wrenches that appear to be production from the Girard Wrench Manufacturing Company, based on the illustration and the use of the terms "Agricultural" and "Standard".

In addition, we suspect that some pliers may have been supplied by Utica. Pexto appears to have used Utica as a supplier somewhat later, based on the distinctive handle pattern.


Patents

Peck, Stow, & Wilcox: Issued and Licensed Patents
Patent No.InventorFiledIssuedNotes and Examples
212,110 O. Peck08/21/187802/11/1879 Improvements in bit-stocks
293,957 R.C. Ellrich12/13/189302/19/1894 Pawl and Ratchet
320,172 S. Robinson07/22/188406/16/1885 Adjustable Wrench
Pexto Robinson's Patent 10 Inch Wrench
553,059 R.C. Ellrich11/02/189501/14/1896 Adjustable Wrench ("Solid Bar")
Pexto "Solid Bar" Wrench
880,870 R.C. Ellrich03/09/190603/03/1908 Ratchet Mechanism

Trademarks

Peck, Stow & Wilcox Company: Registered Trademarks
Text Mark or Logo Reg. No. First Use Date Filed Date Issued Notes
KING COTTON 48,216   04/10/1905 12/19/1905 For scales and scale-beams.
Serial 1,020. Published October 24, 1905.
P.S.&W. Hand Logo 76,418   02/15/1909 01/11/1910 Text "P.S.&W." in design with hand
For braces, bits, chisels, hammers, etc.
Serial 40,544. Published November 9, 1909.
SAMSON 80,437   05/10/1910 12/20/1910 For bit-braces, chucks, and chuck-jaws.
Serial 49,640. Published July 12, 1910.
Pexto Oval Logo 107,001 06/05/1914 04/23/1915 11/09/1915 Text "PEXTO" conforming to an oval outline
El Obrero 199,708 12/20/1924 02/04/1925 06/16/1925 For Chisels.
"El Obrero" in an oval.
Serial 209,105. Published 03/31/1925.
Estrella 199,709 12/20/1924 02/04/1925 06/16/1925 For Chisels
"Estrella" below a five-pointed star.
Serial 209,104. Published 03/31/1925.
Pexto [Oval Logo] 332,786 06/05/1914 07/05/1935 02/25/1936 Text "PEXTO" conforming to an oval outline
PEXTO 642,880 1947 07/13/1956 03/19/1957 Text "PEXTO" in block letters

Tool Identification

Tools made by Pexto were typically marked with the company name, or with the abbreviated form "P.S.&W. Co." if space was limited.

After 1914 the Pexto-Oval was frequently marked on tools.


Pexto-Oval Logo

[Pexto-Oval Logo]
Fig. 4. Pexto-Oval Logo from Trademark #107,001.

The scan in Fig. 4 shows the Pexto-Oval logo as it was presented for trademark #107,001.


References and Resources

Photographs and observations of particular tools are based on items in the Alloy Artifacts Collection.


Catalog Coverage

Peck, Stow, & Wilcox: Catalog Resources
Catalog Year Notes
    No. 10 (1910):
No. 10 1910 No copyright, dated June 15, 1910. 498 pages.
Available for Download [External Link] from ITCL.
    No. 20 (1920):
No. 20 1920 No copyright, undated. Date based on trade publications.
Available for Download [External Link] from ITCL.
    No. 26T (1927):
No. 26T 1927 No copyright. Dated July, 1927 on back page.
Available for Download [External Link] from ITCL.
    No. 35A (1935):
No. 35A 1935 No copyright. Notes 1819-1935 on inside cover.
Available for Download [External Link] from ITCL.
Cover says "Machines and Tools for Sheet Metal Work".
    No. 38 (1938):
No. 38 1938 No copyright, date inferred from catalog number.
Available for Download [External Link] from ITCL.

Industrial Distributors

Peck, Stow tools were widely available through industrial distributors. We'll add references as time permits.


Wrenches


[Pexto] Robinson's Patent 10 Inch Monkey Wrench

By 1894 Peck, Stow, & Wilcox were offering adjustable wrenches based on the 1885 Robinson patent 320,172. This patent describes a spring-loaded pin to secure the adjusting screw to its ferrule.

[1894 Ad for Robinson's Patent Monkey Wrenches]
Fig. 5. 1894 Ad for Robinson's Patent Monkey Wrenches. [External Link]

Fig. 5 shows an ad for a Robinson's patent monkey wrench, as published near the front of the October, 1894 edition of Hardware.

The text notes that the wrench was available in sizes from 6 to 21 inches.

[Pexto Robinson's Patent 10 Inch Monkey Wrench]
Fig. 6. [Pexto] Robinson's Patent 10 Inch Monkey Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail, ca. 1890s to Early 1900s.

Fig. 6 shows a [Pexto] Robinson's patent 10 inch adjustable wrench, marked on the fixed jaw with "Robinson Patent" and "June 16, 1885" in an oval.

The overall length is 10.0 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

This wrench is not marked with the company's name or logo, but is being attributed to Pexto based on the extensive advertising of this model.


Pexto 6 Inch "Solid Bar" Monkey Wrench

This next figure shows an interesting early example of a patented "monkey" wrench produced by Pexto.

[Pexto Solid Bar 6 Inch Monkey Wrench]
Fig. 7. Pexto 6 Inch "Solid Bar" Monkey Wrench, ca. 1900.

Fig. 7 shows a Pexto 6 inch "Solid Bar" adjustable wrench, stamped with "P.S.W. & Co." and "Solid Bar" on the shank, along with "Pat. Jan 14, 1896" and "Made in U.S.A." below.

The overall length is 6.5 inches.

The patent date corresponds to patent #553,059, issued to R.C. Ellrich with assignment to the Peck, Stow, & Wilcox Company.

The patent describes a novel construction technique whereby the fixed jaw can be made integral with the shaft and handle, instead of being added after assembling the sliding jaw. The trick to the assembly is that the sliding jaw has slits in the back, allowing it to be spread open for installation over the shaft.


Pexto 10 Inch "Solid Bar" Monkey Wrench

[Pexto 10 Inch Solid Bar Monkey Wrench]
Fig. 8. Pexto 10 Inch "Solid Bar" Monkey Wrench, with Insets for Top View and Marking Detail, ca. 1900s.

Fig. 8 shows a Pexto 10 inch "Solid Bar" monkey wrench, stamped with "P.S.W. & Co." and "Solid Bar" on the shank, along wit "Pat. Jan 14, 1896" and "Made in U.S.A." below (see middle inset).

The overall length is 10.3 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The patent date corresponds to patent #553,059, issued to R.C. Ellrich with assignment to the Peck, Stow, & Wilcox Company.


Pexto 8 Inch Stillson-Pattern Pipe Wrench

[Pexto 8 Inch Stillson-Pattern Pipe Wrench]
Fig. 9. Pexto 8 Inch Stillson-Pattern Pipe Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 9 shows a Pexto 8 inch pipe wrench of the Stillson design, marked "Made in U.S.A." with the PEXTO-Oval logo.

The overall length is 7.0 inches.

The original Stillson pipe wrench design is described by patent #95,744, issued to Daniel Stillson in 1869 and arguably one of the most famous tool patents of all time. The Stillson pipe wrench was highly successful for its maker and generated a small fortune in royalties for the inventor, a fact that probably encouraged generations of later inventors to develop their ideas. (See our article on Walworth Manufacturing for more information on this important pipe wrench.)

Stillson pipe wrenches were produced by a wide range of manufacturers after the patent expired, and many of these continued to be marked "Stillson" or "Stillson Pattern".


Pliers


Combination Pliers


Pexto 5-10 10 Inch Combination Pliers

[Pexto 5-10 10 Inch Combination Pliers]
Fig. 10. Pexto 5-10 10 Inch Combination Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail.

Fig. 10 shows a pair of Pexto 5-10 10 inch combination pliers, stamped with the PEXTO-Oval logo and "Made in USA" near the pivot. The pliers are also marked with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the underside of one handle.

The overall length is 10.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


Pexto 7-8 8 Inch Combination Pliers

[Pexto 7-8 8 Inch Combination Pliers]
Fig. 11. Pexto 7-8 8 Inch Combination Pliers, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 11 shows a pair of Pexto 7-8 8 inch combination pliers, stamped "Made in USA" with the PEXTO-Oval logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the underside of one handle (not shown).

The overall length is 8.2 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


Pexto N8-7 7 Inch Universal Combination Pliers

[Pexto N8-7 7 Inch Universal Combination Pliers]
Fig. 12. Pexto N8-7 7 Inch Universal Combination Pliers, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 12 shows a pair of Pexto N8-7 universal combination pliers, stamped "Made in USA" with the PEXTO-Oval logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the underside of one handle (not shown).

The overall length is 6.9 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


Pexto 8 Bent-Nose Slip-Joint Pliers

[Pexto 8 Bent-Nose Slip-Joint Pliers]
Fig. 13. Pexto 8 Bent-Nose Slip-Joint Pliers, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 13 shows the Pexto No. 8 bent-nose combination pliers, marked "P.S. &W. Co." with the PEXTO-Oval logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the underside of one handle.

The overall length is 8.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


Pexto 22-5 1/2 Slip-Joint Combination Pliers

[Pexto 22-5 1/2 Slip-Joint Combination Pliers]
Fig. 14. Pexto 22-5 1/2 Slip-Joint Combination Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1947+.

Fig. 14 shows a pair of Pexto 22-5 1/2 slip-joint combination pliers, marked with the "PEXTO" block-letter logo and model number.

The overall length is 5.5 inches, and the finish is polished nickel.

The use of the "PEXTO" block letter trademark indicates production in 1947 or later.


Pexto WO-6 6 Inch Combination Pliers

[Pexto WO-6 6 Inch Combination Pliers]
Fig. 15. Pexto WO-6 6 Inch Combination Pliers, with Inset for Handle Pattern.

Fig. 15 shows a pair of Pexto WO-6 6 inch combination pliers, marked "Made in USA" with the PEXTO-Oval logo.

The overall length is 6.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


Pexto "Carlson" Slip-Joint Parrot-Head Pliers

[Pexto Carlson Slip-Joint Parrot-Head Pliers]
Fig. 16. Pexto "Carlson" Slip-Joint Parrot-Head Pliers, ca. Mid 1920s.

Fig. 16 shows a pair of Pexto 7 inch parrot-head pliers, stamped with the PEXTO-Oval logo and "Made in U.S.A." on one handle, with "Carlson" in an oval panel forged into the other.

The overall length is 7.0 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The "Carlson" marking indicates production by the Carlson Manufacturing Company or its contract maker.


Flat-Nose and Needlenose Pliers


Pexto No. 20 4½ Inch Box-Joint Flat-Nose Pliers

The next figures show two sizes of the Pexto No. 20 box-joint flat-nose pliers.

[Pexto No. 20 4½ Box-Joint Flat-Nose Pliers]
Fig. 17. Pexto No. 20 4½ Box-Joint Flat-Nose Pliers, with Inset for Joint Detail.

Fig. 17 shows a pair of Pexto No. 20 4½ inch flat-nose pliers, marked "P.S.&W.Co." and "U.S.A." with the PEXTO-Oval logo. (The etched markings are very faint, though, and require a magnifying glass to read.)

The overall length is 4.6 inches, and the finish is black oxide.


Pexto No. 20 5 Inch Box-Joint Flat-Nose Pliers

[Pexto No. 20-5 Box-Joint Flat-Nose Pliers]
Fig. 18. Pexto No. 20-5 Box-Joint Flat-Nose Pliers, with Inset for Joint Detail.

Fig. 18 shows a pair of Pexto No. 20 5 inch flat-nose pliers, marked "P.S.&W.Co." and "U.S.A." with the PEXTO-Oval logo.

The overall length is 4.9 inches, and the finish is black oxide.


Diagonal Cutters


Pexto No. 27 Box-Joint Diagonal Cutters

[Pexto No. 27 Box-Joint Diagonal Cutters]
Fig. 19. Pexto No. 27 Box-Joint Diagonal Cutters, with Inset for Side View.

The overall length is 5.3 inches.


Lineman's Pliers


Pexto No. 30 6 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers

The next two figures show examples of the Pexto No. 30 6 inch lineman's pliers.

[Pexto 30 6 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 20. Pexto 30 6 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1913-1915.

Fig. 20 shows a pair of Pexto model 30 6 inch lineman's pliers, marked "P.S. & W." and "Guaranteed".

The overall length is 6.2 inches, and the finish is black oxide.

The top inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the diamond checkered gripping pattern on the handles. Note the V-shaped transition at the front of the gripping pattern.

The diamond checkered gripping pattern with the V-shaped transition allows us to identify Utica Drop Forge as the maker of these pliers. The corresponding Utica model can be seen as the Utica 2050[-6] Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers.

The V-shaped gripping pattern and early P.S.&W. logo indicate early production from 1913 to around 1915.


[Pexto 30 6 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 21. Pexto 30 6 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Back Side Detail, ca. 1920s.

Fig. 21 shows a later pair of Pexto model 30 6 inch lineman's pliers, stamped "P.S.&W. Co." and "USA" with the PEXTO-Oval logo.

The overall length is 6.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The top inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the diamond checkered gripping pattern on the handles. Note that the front of the gripping pattern is flat, rather than the V-shape observed in earlier production.

The flat front of the gripping pattern suggests production in the 1920s or later.


Pexto 30-7 7 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers

The next two figures show examples of the Model 30 lineman's pliers in the 7 inch size.

[Pexto 30 7 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 22. Pexto 30 7 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1913-1915.

Fig. 22 shows an earlier pair of Pexto Model 30 7 inch lineman's pliers, stamped "P.S. & W." and "Guaranteed" in a circle logo.

The overall length is 7.3 inches, and the finish is polished steel.

The top inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the diamond checkered gripping pattern on the handles. Note the V-shaped transition at the front of the gripping pattern.

The diamond checkered gripping pattern with the V-shaped transition allows us to identify Utica Drop Forge as the maker of these pliers. A similar Utica model can be seen as the Utica 2050[-8] Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers.

The V-shaped gripping pattern and early P.S.&W. logo indicate early production from 1913 to around 1915.

[Pexto 30 7 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 23. Pexto 30 7 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers, with Insets for Handle Pattern and Box Detail, ca. 1915-1920.

Fig. 23 shows a later pair of Pexto Model 30 7 inch lineman's pliers, marked "P.S. & W. Co. U.S.A." with the PEXTO-Oval logo.

The overall length is 7.3 inches.

The top inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the diamond checkered gripping pattern on the handles. Note the V-shaped transition at the front of the gripping pattern.

The V-shaped front of the gripping pattern with the later Pexto oval logo suggests production from around 1915 to 1920.


Pexto 30-8 8 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers

[Pexto 30 8 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 24. Pexto 30 8 Inch Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1913-1915.

Fig. 24 shows a pair of Pexto Model 30 8 inch lineman's pliers, stamped marked "P.S. & W." and "Guaranteed" in a circle logo, with the model number below.

The overall length is 8.3 inches, and the finish is polished steel.

The top inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the diamond checkered gripping pattern on the handles. Note the V-shaped transition at the front of the gripping pattern.

The diamond checkered gripping pattern with the V-shaped transition allows us to identify Utica Drop Forge as the maker of these pliers. The corresponding Utica model can be seen as the Utica 2050[-8] Box-Joint Lineman's Pliers.


Pexto 240-7 7 Inch Lineman's Pliers

[Pexto 240-7 7 Inch Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 25. Pexto 240-7 7 Inch Lineman's Pliers, with Inset for Handle Pattern.

Fig. 25 shows a pair of Pexto 240-7 7 inch lineman's pliers, stamped "P. S. & W." and "Made in U.S.A." across the pivot.

The overall length is 7.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Pexto 240-8 8 Inch Lineman's Pliers

[Pexto 240-8 8 Inch Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 26. Pexto 240[-8] 8 Inch Lineman's Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Back Side Detail.

Fig. 26 shows a pair of Pexto 240[-8] 8 inch lineman's pliers, stamped "P. S. & W." and "Guaranteed" around the pivot.

The overall length is 7.9 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Pexto 500-8 8 Inch Lineman's Pliers

[Pexto 500-8 8 Inch Lineman's Pliers]
Fig. 27. Pexto 500-8 8 Inch Lineman's Pliers, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 27 shows a pair of Pexto 500-8 8 inch lineman's pliers, stamped with "PEXTO" and the model number around the pivot.

The overall length is 8.4 inches, and the finish is black oxide.


Gas and Burner Pliers


Pexto 6-3 6 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers

[Pexto 6-3 6 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers]
Fig. 28. Pexto 6-3 6 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Construction Detail.

Fig. 28 shows a pair of Pexto 6-3 6 inch gas and burner pliers, stamped with the PEXTO-Oval logo and "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 6.3 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Pexto 13-7 7 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers

[Pexto 13-7 7 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers]
Fig. 29. Pexto 13-7 7 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers.

Fig. 29 shows a pair of Pexto 13-7 gas and burner pliers, marked "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 7.3 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


Pexto No. 14 10 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers

[Pexto No. 14 10 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers]
Fig. 30. Pexto No. 14 10 Inch Gas and Burner Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Jaw Detail.

Fig. 30 shows a pair of Pexto No. 14 10 inch gas and burner pliers, marked "Made in U.S.A." with the PEXTO-Oval logo.

The overall length is 10.5 inches, and the finish is black oxide.


Other Pliers


Pexto Early [No. 60-6] 6 Inch Carpenter's Pincers

[Pexto No. 60-6 6 Inch Carpenter's Pincers]
Fig. 31. Pexto Early [No. 60-6] 6 Inch Carpenter's Pincers.

Fig. 31 shows an early pair of Pexto [No. 60-6] carpenter's pincers, marked "P.S.&W. Co." and "Made in U.S.A." on the handle.

The overall length is 5.9 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The model number is not marked on the pincers, but was found by reference to Pexto catalog No. 26T of 1927. This model was available in a range of sizes with nominal lengths 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12 inches.

The catalog also listed the very similar No. 50 Carpenter's Pincers, identical to the No. 60 but without the wire cutting slot between the jaws.


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